Perbedaan efektivitas pasta gigi dengan kandugan bee propolis dan zinc terhadap penurunan tingkat halitosis

  • Ayu Graha Santi Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana
  • Desak Nyoman Ari Susanti Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana
  • Ni Kadek Fiora Rena Pertiwi Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana
Keywords: Halitosis, Tooth Paste, Bee Propolis, Zinc

Abstract

Background: Halitosis or bad breath is oral health condition characterized by unpleasant odors emanating consistly from oral cavity. The biggest cause of halitosis is a intraoral condition characterized by increase gram-negative bacteria which produce volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs). There are few ways to reduce halitosis, one of them is using bee propolis and zinc toothpaste. Bee propolis is a substance collected by bees, the most important composition of these compounds is flavonoid. Zinc ions have anti-VSC capable of binding the receptor protein and reduce the sulphur gas production.
Objective: This study aimed to know comparison of effectivity tooth paste with bee propolis and zinc.
Methods: Experimental method is used in this study, comprised 32 subject divided into 2 group who had criteria for inclusion. Each group was given treatment brushing with bee propolis and zinc toothpaste for 2 minutes. Measurements was done before intervention, after intervention at 0 min, 20 min, 40 min, and 60 min.
Results: Collected data was analyzed using the Shapiro-Wilk of normality test and non-parametric Mann-Whitney Test. Based on the test results show that the both toothpaste constant in 20 min. The toothpaste with zinc more effective because zinc have a mean value of 2,0625 in 20 min and was constan in 40 min.
Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is toothpaste containing zinc more effective in reducing halitosis compared with toothpaste containing bee propolis.

Author Biographies

Desak Nyoman Ari Susanti, Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Ni Kadek Fiora Rena Pertiwi, Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Published
2018-05-30